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NDA Frequently Asked Questions


How many times NDA entrance exam are conducted?


NDA entrance exams are conducted twice a year i.e. NDA I in April & NDA II in SEPTEMBE or NOVEMBER

What are the qualifications required to appear in NDA entrance exam?


For Indian Army wing, candidates should be 12th passed and for Indian Navy & Indian Air Force, candidates should be 12th passed with Physics & Maths as compulsory subjects.

What is the age limit for NDA entrance exam?


A candidate should be age of between 16 ½ to 19 ½ years. For NDA I 2019, students should born between 2nd July 2000 & 1st July 2003. For NDA II 2019, students should born between 2nd January 2001 & 1st January 2004. *Both dates are inclusive. **Age calculation will be date from the date of NDA Course Commencement.

Is there any specific % require to apply for NDA?


No. As per the NDA notification & UPSC website, there is no such criteria is mentioned.

Is there any specific 12th board required for appearing in NDA entrance exam?


Students from any state board, CBSE & ICSE board can appear in NDA entrance exam.

How many attempts are allowed for appearing in NDA entrance exams?


There is no such no. of attempts is mentioned in NDA notification or on UPSC website. Students can attempt till they fulfill the age criteria of NDA application.

Which organization conducts NDA entrance exams?


UPSC conducts NDA entrance exams.

What is the application fee to apply for NDA exam?


Application fee for NDA is Rs.100. SC & ST are exempted from payment of fee.

What is the mode of submitting NDA Exam application?


There is only online mode of submitting application for NDA exam. Although payment of fee can be done either online or deposited the money in the branch of SBI.

What is the NDA selection procedure?


The selection of candidates is done on the basis of written exam followed by Intelligence and Personality Test - SSB/Interview & Medical fitness test. Written test of Mathematics – 300 Marks – 2 ½ Hrs & General Ability Test (English -200 Marks & General Knowledge – 400 Marks) – 600 Marks – 2 ½ Hrs will be taken. Successful candidates then will be called for SSB Test/Interview – 900 Marks. The papers in all the subjects will consist of objective type questions only.

What is PABT?


The candidates, who are applying for Air Force wing as First choice & one of the choice as Air Force subject to their eligibility and if they are so willing, have to separately qualify the PABT - Pilot Aptitude Battery Test. Pilot Aptitude Battery Test is an aptitude test designed and conducted for all those candidates who aspire and apply for a flying career in the Air Force. The main aim is to test the mental alertness, presence of mind and self-confidence of the candidate. It checks whether a prospective candidate has proper control over his nerves while he is flying an aircraft. For this, the candidate is put through tests including meter reading, flying test and drum test. Now CPSS (Computerized Pilot Selection System) is being used in place of PABT. Any candidate can appear only once in PABT or CPSS.

What is SSB?


SSB stands for Service Selection Board, having responsibility to conduct Interview - Intelligence and Personality Test to evaluate prospective candidates for recruitment in the Army, Navy and Air Force. There is no limit on the number of attempts for SSB Interview. The selection system is designed over a five-day process, Day 1 is the screening test, Day 2 is the Psychologist Tests, Day 3 & 4 is the group tasks and Day 5 is the Conference (Results). The personal interview will be conducted either in day 2,3 or 4 during the post lunch or evening hours.

What is the date of course commencement for selected candidates in NDA I and II ?


For the candidates who qualifies NDA I Exam, the course will be commencing from January and NDA II Exam, the course will be commencing from July for Course at NDA & Indian Naval Academy Course (INAC).

I have passed NDA written exam. What should I do next for SSB?


After having cleared the NDA written examination the candidates should log on to the following websites for their ssb centre & date of interview :- joinindianarmy.nic.in, joinindiannavy.gov.in, careerairforce.nic.in

* Candidates appearing for SSB interview for the first time for a particular type of Commission i.e. Permanent or Short Service, shall be entitled for AC III Tier to and fro railway fare or bus fare including reservation cum sleeper charges within the Indian limits only once.

What are the lists of documents required to appear in SSB?


Following documents in ORIGINAL must be brought along with two photocopies each duly self attested (Origininal documents will be returned after verification at the SSB) (Also refer Checklist attached as Appendix ‘K’):- (a) Matriculation or Equivalent Certificate for verification of your date of birth. [Certificates issued by the board concerned (CBSE/State Boards/ICSE)/ admit Card/ Mark sheet/ transfer/ Leaving Certificate etc in which date of birth is reflected are not acceptable proof of date of birth.] (b) Marks Sheet of Matriculation or equivalent. (c) Intermediate/ 10+2 pass certificate. (d) Marks Sheet of Intermediate/10+2 examinations. 2 (e) Graduation Degree/ Provisional Degree showing clearly having passed the degree examination and eligible for award of degree. (f) Mark Sheets of all years / semesters. (g) NCC ‘C’ Certificate. (Not required for wards of Battle Casualty). (h) One copy of Online Application duly signed and affixed with self attested photograph. (Applications of candidates serving in the Armed Forces should be duly countersigned by the Commanding Officer). (j) Self Declaration Certificate (Only One SSB Appearance). Candidates can appear for ONLY one of the SSB interviews, that is, either for SSC (NT) -109 Course (Apr 2019) as CDSE candidate OR NCC Spl Entry-45 Course (Apr 2019). A declaration to this effect needs to be filled and submitted by the candidates at the time of SSB interview, as per format attach at Appendix ‘A’. (k) No Claim Certificate. Format is attached as Appendix ‘B’. (l) Valid Proof of Identity with photograph - Aadhaar Card/ PAN Card/ Voter ID Card/ Passport. (m) Certificate for Not Having Duplicate Profiles/Registration IDs. A declaration to this effect as per format attached at Appendix ‘C’. (n) For Candidates from Universities Following CGPA/ Grades System:- (i) Conversion Certificate regarding formulae for conversion of CGPA/ Grades into marks as followed by the University. (ii) Self Certified Declaration Certificate (Aggregate Percentage) regarding aggregate percentage obtained. Format is attached as Appendix ’D’. (o) In Case Original Documents Submitted for Pursuing Higher Studies. Candidates are required to bring a Bonafide cum Custodian Certificate as per Appendix ’E’ on original letter head duly signed by the Principal/ Head of institution where the documents have been submitted. (p) Candidates Of Final Year/ Semester Of Graduation Degree Course should be able to furnish the proof of passing to the Directorate General of Recruiting by 01 Apr 2019 and produce the graduation degree certificate either before or within 12 weeks of commencement of the Course at the training Academy. Such candidates are required to bring following documents:- (i) Certificate on original letter head duly signed by the Principal/ Head of institution as per Appendix ‘F’. (ii) Self Declaration Certificate (Proo of of Passing) regarding submission of Proof of Passing by the Candidate as per Appendix ‘G’.

* Candidates have to report at the concerned Railway Station before 14:30 hrs on the reporting date. A representative from the SSB will be present at the railway station for reception. In case of any difficulty, candidates can contact the MCO office.

Can female/girl candidates apply for NDA entrance exam?


No, Only unmarried male candidates can apply for NDA entrance exam.

18. Is there any standard height of the candidates required for NDA?


Yes, the minimum acceptable height is 157 cms (162.5 cms. for Air Force). For Gorkhas and individuals belonging to hills of North-Eastern regions of India, Garhwal and Kumaon, the minimum acceptable heights will be 5 cms. less. In case of candidates from Lakshadweep the minimum acceptable height can be reduced by 2 cms.

CDS Frequently Asked Questions


What is the difference between CDS and NDA Exam?


Where the NDA examinations recruit for the Army, Naval and Air Force whereas the CDS examinations are conducted for recruitment for IMA, Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and OTA.

How eligibility of age is calculated?


Candidates are advised to visit official notification for CDS exam.
  1. 19-24 Years - Indian Military Academy
  2. 19-22 Years - Naval Academy
  3. 19-23 Years - Air Force Academy
  4. 19-25 Years - Officers' Training Academy.

Who can apply for CDS exam?


The candidate must either be:
  1. A citizen of India,
  2. A subject of Bhutan,
  3. A subject of Nepal,
  4. A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the first July, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India.
  5. A person of Indian origin migrated from outside country with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Is there any specific % require to apply for CDS?


No. As per the CDS notification & UPSC website, there is no such criteria is mentioned. Candidates only have to secure passing marks to apply CDS exam.

How many times CDS exam are conducted?


CDS exams are conducted twice a year i.e. CDS I in February and CDS II in November or September.

How many attempts are allowed for appearing in CDS exams?


There is no such no. of attempts is mentioned in CDS notification or on UPSC website. Students can attempt till they fulfil the age criteria of CDS application.

What is the CDS Exam Pattern


CDS is a written exam which consists of only Multiple Choice Questions. For getting into Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, and Air Force Academy, candidates are required to appear for all the 3 papers- English, General Knowledge and Elementary Mathematics. However, For Officers Training Academy, candidates must take two papers only- English and GK. Each paper carries 100 marks. The question paper will also consist of questions involving the metric system of Weights and Measures only will be set. Those who qualify in the written test are called for the second stage i.e., Intelligence and Personality Test.

Can female/girl candidates apply for CDS exam?


Yes, Female (unmarried) candidates can apply for CDS only for the post of Officers Training Academy (OTA).

What is the educational qualification required for CDS exam?


Education Qualification varies according to the post-
  1. For Indian Military Academy: Degree of a recognized university or equivalent is required.
  2. For Air Force Academy: B.Sc with Physics and/ Or Mathematics Or Bachelor of Engineering is required.
  3. For Naval Academy: B.Sc with Physics and Mathematics or Bachelor of Engineering is required.
  4. For Officer Training Academy: Degree of a recognized university or equivalent is required.

What is CDS SSB Interview Process?


After clearing the written test in CDSE, the candidates have to go through a series of personality tests, which is called the Service Selection Board. This interview commonly known as SSB has different types of tests to judge a person's personality. . SSB consists of three types of tests.
  1. The Screening Test
  2. The Psychological Tests
  3. The Interview

What is the marital status for CDS exam?


There is variation of marital status for CDS exam -
  1. For IMA & INA: Unmarried male candidates only are eligible.
  2. For Air Force Academy: Candidates holding valid and current Commercial Pilot Licence issued by DGCA (India) is relaxable upto 26 only are eligible.
  3. For Officers' Training Academy (SSC Course for men) : Male candidates (married or unmarried) only are eligible.
  4. For Officers' Training Academy (SSC Women Non-Technical Course) : Unmarried women, issueless widows who have not remarried and issueless divorcees (in possession of divorce documents) who have not remarried are eligible
Note: Candidate below 25 years of age must be unmarried. Marriage is not permitted during training. Married candidates above 25 years of age are eligible to apply but during training period they will neither be provided married accommodation nor can they live with family out of the premises.

What is the medical eligibility for CDS exam?


Candidates must be physically and mentally fit according to the given standards.
  1. vision standard for Naval and Airforce
  2. For Male:
  3. Candidate must able to read 6/6 in a distant vision chart with each eye with or without glasses (For Navy and Air Force without glasses only).
  4. Myopia should not be more than 3.5D
  5. Hypermetropia should not be more than 3.5D including Astigmatism.
  6. For Female:
  7. Aspirant must able to read 6/6 (better eye) and 6/8 (worse eye) in a distant vision chart with or without glasses
  8. Myopia should not be more than minus 5.5 including Astogination.
  9. Internal examination of the eye will be done by means of ophthalmoscope to rule out any disease of the eye.
  10. A candidate must have a good binocular vision.
  11. The color vision standard will be CP-III.
  12. A candidate should be able to recognize red and green colors.
  13. Teeth, Ear, Nose and Throat Conditions :
  14. CDS Physical Qualification also covers your conditions of teeth, ear Nose, Throat etc. Check the standards given below.
  15. The applicants ought to have an adequate number of normal and sound teeth.
  16. At least 14 dental focuses will be satisfactory.
  17. A hopeful ought not to be experiencing serious pyorrhea.
  18. The listening must be ordinary.
  19. A hopeful ought to have the capacity to hear a constrained whisper with every ear at a separation of 610 cms in a very room.
  20. There ought to be no confirmation of present or past disease of the ear, nose, and throat.
  21. A sound metric test will be ruined AF. Sound metric misfortune ought not to exceed+20 db in frequencies somewhere around 250Hz and 4000 Hz.

What are physical criteria?


Candidates are advised to go to official notification of CDS exam which is released by UPSC.
  1. First of all, the participants should take care that they are physically & mentally fit and fine and free from any type of disease/disability.
  2. Participant does not have any type of mental breakdown record in past.
  3. The aspirant must undergo a preliminary medical check-up for wax in ears, refractory error of eyes, a fungal infection of skin before reporting for the SSB interview.
  4. Candidate must be under a standard weight
  5. The chest should be in fine condition. An x-ray of the candidate will be carried out for figuring out any disease in his chest.
  6. The minimum range of expansion after full inspiration should be 5 cms.
  7. There should be no disease of bones and joints of the body.
  8. There are height/weight standards for male & female candidates. Please refer CDS official notification.

I am appearing in the final year of my graduation. Can I apply for CDS exam?


Yes, Candidates who are appearing last year of their graduation can apply for CDS exam.

Can candidates with arts/humanity stream degree apply?


Candidates with graduation degree from any stream can apply for CDS exam. But candidates holding degree from Arts/Humanity can only apply for Army.

Is there any negative marking for wrong answer in CDS exam?


Candidates should note that there will be penalty (Negative Marking) for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the Objective Type Question Papers.

If i don't have final year mark sheet for SSB/Interview of CDS exam. What can I do?


In case a candidate is in final year & awaiting for his/her mark-sheet or he/she is submitted his/her certificate in college/universities for higher studies, he/she will be required to submit an application which will be signed by the principal/university registrar (Application formation can be downloaded along with call letter for ssb).

How do I access the site to fill up the online application?


An applicant should log on to https://upsconline.nic.in/ to access the home page of the online application.

What should I do in case some mistake found in my application after its submission?


You can submit multiple applications & required to pay the fee with new RID in case you are not a fee exempted candidate and your RID for latest submitted completed application will be considered for processing and all earlier submitted applications will be cancelled by online system.

What is the CDS exam fee & who are exempted from paying fees in CDS exam?


Candidates (excepting Female/SC/ST candidates who are exempted from payment of fee) are required to pay a fee of Rs. 200/- (Rupees Two Hundred Only).

What are UPSC and MPSC?


Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is body which every year conducts several exams to recruit personnel for Central Services. Same task is done at Maharashtra State-level by Maharashtra Public Service Commission (MPSC)

What should I do to become an IAS/IFS/IPS officer?


For selecting IAS/IFS/IPS officers, UPSC every year conducts Civil Service Examination. Any aspirant for IAS/IFS/IPS needs to pass this exam for getting selected.

What is the structure of UPSC Civil Services Exam?


he examination is conducted in three stages– Preliminary, Mains and Personality Test. The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of objective type (multiple-choice questions) carrying a maximum of 200 marks each. One paper is on General Studies and other is of Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT). The Question Papers (Test Booklets) are set in English & Hindi. Mains Exam is descriptive in nature and consists of 9 papers: Compulsory English, Compulsory Indian Language, Essay, General Studies I, General Studies II, General Studies III, and General Studies IV. Besides you need to choose one Optional subject on which you will have 2 papers. Personality Test of successful candidates will be conducted.

Is there any age limit for appearing in UPSC Civil Services Examination?


As per revised rules, any person from General category more than 21 and less than 32 years of age is eligible to appear for the above mentioned exam. The upper age limit is relaxed up to a maximum of five years for candidates belonging to SCs or STs Categories and up to a maximum of three years for candidates of OBC category among others.

Is there any limit on number of attempts that I can take for UPSC exams?


As per revised rules, a candidate belonging to General category can take upto 6 attempts; those belonging to OBC can take up to 9 attempts. There is no limit on number of attempts available for candidates belonging to SC and ST communities. For more details visit the UPSC website: http://www.upsc.gov.in/

How to select an optional subject?


Optional subject should be such that you are comfortable with the subject. Following are some thumb-rules you may follow while selecting your optional:
* Look at your interests: Considering the comprehensive manner in which the study of subject is necessary, you must select only such subject that interests you.
* Refer to previous question papers (Available on http://www.upsc.gov.in)
* Look at your abilities: Though you may not be able to solve all the questions initially, select the subject you are most comfortable with as your optional

I have completed my graduation in engineering/medicine. Can I select any other subject as my optional?


Yes, you can either select the subject of your graduation (if it is available) or any other subject as your optional. The only criterion is that you should be comfortable with that subject.

Where can I get detailed syllabus for the exam?


Every year UPSC issues a notification before the Prelims of Exam. In that notification you can find the detailed syllabus. The notification for each year can be found on the UPSC's website. www.upsc.gov.in

I am not very good in English. Can I give exam in Hindi/Marathi or any other language?


The Prelims exams are conducted in Hindi and English only. However, for Mains you can select any one of the 22 languages which includes English, Hindi as well as Marathi. In Personality Test you can select a language different from one selected for Mains. Thus, if you appear for Mains in English you can still appear for interview in one of the languages mentioned in the list.

I know only Marathi. Should I appear only for MPSC?


In UPSC too you can appear in Marathi. Thus, there is no reason to let language be a hurdle for your aspirations. The only criterion is that you should be able to express yourself clearly in the language that you choose for yourself.

How should I start my studies?


Study of newspapers along with other books is crucial for success in UPSC exams. You should read one good quality national newspaper everyday. The Hindu and The Indian Express are two good newspapers from which you can choose. Those appearing in Marathi should either read Loksatta or Maharashtra Times. But it is still advisable to read one national newspapers.

What is the right time to start preparations?


As the syllabus for UPSC is very vast, it is advisable that candidate should begin studies at least one year before attempting the exam. It is better to start studies as early as possible.

I am doing my graduation along with UPSC preparations and thus I am stretched for time. What should I do?


Try to prepare an honest plan for your studies. However if regular studies of UPSC subjects is not possible and you are not appearing immediately for the exam, try at least to complete newspaper every day.